Saturday, April 20, 2013

Physicists assumes that on a collider one more type of a boson of Higgs was found

Столкновение частиц в коллайдере    That opening of a boson of Higgs already took place doesn't cause already in anybody doubt. But scientists-physicists still aren't sure of that, particle how found by them or particles meet their expectations. At the meeting which has taken place on Saturday of the American physical society of physics again were engaged in discussion of the found boson of Higgs, a particle which gives weight to other particles. And at the main subject of discussion there was a pronounced thought that recent opening of a boson of Higgs is big disappointment because it didn't bring them any surprises. Nevertheless, the majority of scientists feed big hope to find in the near future Higgs's bosons of other types, disappearing in the same power area in which there is found "a particle of God".
   "Now there is a set of theoretical models in which more difficult structure of area in which is is defined or there are Higgs's bosons" - Marcus Klyyut (Markus Klute), the scientist-physicist from Massachusetts Institute of Technology tells, - "Some of these theories allow possibility of existence of five or more types of a boson of Higgs, differing from each other on weight".
   In March of physics at last finally confirmed that the particle found on the biggest in the world the accelerator of particles, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), actually is Higgs's boson. This particle has weight, by 126 times surpassing mass of a proton that completely corresponds to Standard model, the main modern theory of physics of elementary particles. According to this model Higgs's boson is connected with Higgs's field, a power field which penetrates space and "fills" other particles with weight.
   Detection of a boson of Higgs who is keeping within a framework of theories, became something like disappointment for scientists-physicists who hoped to find something that would turn head over heels all physical theories. "In November I was suppressed by that fact that the made discovery perfectly fits into a framework of modern theories" - Marcus Klyyut tells, - "This condition is called as "a post-opening depression"".
   But researchers hope that in the near future they should learn more many about Higgs's boson, including and, whether the found boson is unique. The main hope of scientists is the Large Hadron Collider which after reconstruction has to become operational in 2015 and to come to the maximum capacity that will allow scientists to investigate higher power ranges.
   Hints on the forthcoming opening already now can be found in an array of collected scientific information. In December, 2012 in the data collected by one of experiments the TANK the second splash indicating possibility of existence of one more type of a boson of Higgs, differing from found by weight was found. However, this additional splash was registered only by the equipment of one experiment, other scientific devices installed on a collider, didn't register and didn't confirm anomaly existence.
   "Thanks to that the question "whether Higgs's found boson is "standard" or not", remains open, we hope for continuation of researches in this direction" - Michael Peskin, the physicist from National laboratory of linear SLAC accelerators of Stendfordsky university tells, - "And we will continue our scientific "game" later this decade".
   After the collider will earn by one of scientific theories which are going to check experimentally учены again and the accuracy of carried-out measurements will rise several times, the theory of "supersymmetry" which defines is that each of particles has an imperceptible twin particle which it is difficult, but it is possible "to catch". These twin particles can serve as an explanation of existence of a mysterious dark matter to which share the most part of a matter in the Universe falls.
  "Now scientists-physicists can explain distinctly only 4 percent of of what the Universe" consists - Thomas Koffas (Thomas Koffas), the scientist-physicist from Karleton's (Carleton University) university tells, Canada, - "Than the remained 96 percent are, we have no the slightest concept, but we are going to find out it in the near future".

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